Installation art is where the artwork and the site are integral to each other. While the artwork may be comprised of a number of elements, the ensemble is usually viewed as a whole. The space may be created with a particular work in mind, or the artist may respond to a given space (e.g. Antony Gormley’s Inside Australia, Lake Ballard).

Installation art may also include land art, which is described as art that draws attention to, or intervenes in a particular environment. Land art is often large-scale, as exemplified by The Spiral Jetty earthwork created by Robert Smithson in 1970. 

Examples of installation artworks


  • Inside Australia - Antony Gormley, Lake Ballard. Image courtesy of Tourism WA


  • Barrangal dyara (skin and bones) – Episode 4 Shields, Jonathon Jones at the Botanical Gardens, Sydney.


  • Fallen Star at the University of California,  San Diego,  by Do Ho Suh.
    Circle of Animals/Zodiac Heads at Pulitzer Fountain, NYC, Ai Weiwei. 
    Short Cut, at MCA Chicago, by Elmgreen and Dragset.
    The Colour Inside, a Skyspace at University of Texas, Austin, USA, by James Turrell.
    Charles Fort, installation at Kinsale, by Anya Gallacio, 
    The Spiral Jetty, earthwork at Rozel Point, Great Salt lake, Utah, USA, by Robert Smithson.
    Fallen Star - Do Ho Su, University of California, San Diego

  • Circle of Animals/Zodiac Heads - Ai Weiwei, Pulitzer Fountain, New York City

  • Short Cut - Elmgreen and Dragset, MCA Chicago, USA

  • The Colour Inside - James Turrell,  Skyspace at University of Texas, Austin, USA

  • Charles Fort Anya Gallacio, Kinsale, Ireland

  • The Spiral Jetty - Robert Smithson, Rozel Point, Great Salt lake, Utah, USA